“Hey wait that can’t be right. Antibiotics is like a magic tablet that can cure everything how can it any way harm me?”
Well, you would be right if you were in the 1940’s, when doctors prescribed antibiotics to cure “serious” illnesses such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, gonorrhoea just to name a few. And everything was working just fine, Alexander Fleming’s magic drug was working absolutely fine against all bacteria caused infections. However things have got out of hand over the past few decades when the prescription and usage of antibiotics has become so immense that new drug resistant bacteria have appeared.
Imagine “bad” bacteria to be invaders and antibiotics to be soldiers sent to fight off the bacteria. When the human body gets infected with some kind of bacteria, the latter tries to take over the hosts’ body by forcing the body to provide it with shelter and nutrients for itself. There existed a time when there was virtually no cure for this and diseases like TB meant certain death. However, by accident Fleming chanced upon a kind of substance (antibiotics, as the name suggests “anti” + “biotics”) which seemed to kill a particular kind of harmful bacteria.
This finding revolutionized he medicine industry (it sort of created the industry in the first place) completely as a new substance called anti-biotics which could cure diseases which were known to be fatal earlier, thus saving the lives of millions of people all around the globe.
However the problem was, rather is that, all most anti-biotics needed to be consumed for a minimum time period so as to ensure that the disease has been completely been eradicated from the body. But, as we people are we decided to make our own time frames for the consumption of medicines. Most people stop taking antibiotics when they start feeling better rather then when the doctor has asked them to continue the medicines till.
Like the saying goes “A wounded tiger is more powerful than an unscathed one”, here in our case to bacteria in our body which have been left half injured in our systems due to incomplete consumption of medicines develop a sort of a resistance to the drug and more than that the invaders grow much stronger and acquire the ability to multiply and spread faster, in even worse cases the disease they are causing just gets more worse.
However we the common people are not the only ones to blame even the doctors over prescribe antibiotics. A disease like the common cold (which by the way is incurable) is also treated with a shower of antibiotics. Even this leads to bacteria becoming stronger and drug resistant.
These drug resistant bacteria cannot be cured with the medicines that we at our disposal right now. But there is still hope, labs our consistently in search for methods to cure drug resistant bacteria and moreover, science is an ever-expanding field so someday we will surely overcome this hurdle of drug-resistant bacteria prevalent. Also, people are now, more than ever, aware of their medical responsibilities for themselves.